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Function of Fish Attractive Device in Fish Conservation Area

In October 2015, committee of Kampong Phluk (KP) Community Fisheries (CFi) collaborated with Kampong Phluk commune council and FiA to build fish attractive device (FAD) in Chrouy Chhnang Fish Conservation Area (FCA) with 1000 tree trunks in 10 areas. The FCA was established in 2013 with support from EU-NSA project and implemented by FACT and IUCN Cambodia to strictly conserve the local fisheries resources.  Since the establishment, CFi members have actively participated in the project implementation via contributing their own labor and budget to patrolling and demarcation and other fisheries related conservation activities.

Mr. Noeng Ny, community fisheries committee said that ’’ the importance of FAD is to provide micronutrient, fish habitat, food, breading and spawning ground, and oxygen for diverse fish species and other aquatic animals in the water. At the same time, flooded forest plays even more critical role in sustaining the aquatic ecology of the Great Lake.In the upper watersheds, temperate montage and tropical rainforests slow water run-off and greatly reduce erosion and downstream sedimentation. Around the Great Lake, flood forest protects the Great Lake core during the dry season, and acts as an immense hatchery during the rainy season.

During the wet season, the Great Lake expands from four to five times its dry season size, and its average depth increases seven to nine times, with an estimated 60 percent of the additional water flowing down the Mekong River, then turning north and reversing its flow into the Tonle Sap River’’.

In 2015, CFi committee and local authority developed action plan to improve fisheries resources in community by establishing FCA and building FCA. The CFi collaborated with commune council and FiA to build FAD in 10 standing areas by installing 1,000 tree trunks with contribution of 200USD from commune development fund (CDF), 280USD from CFi, 195USD from boat tour and 150USD from community-based organization (CBO). There are 17 participants, including 6 women, joining to the construction. The construction was in October 2015 and it took 7 days to complete.

He added, “in the fishing season during November 2014 some of fishers can catch around 50-100kg of high value/big fish and around 200-300kg of low value fish with gill net within 3-4 hours spend. if comparing with November 2013 it was around 30-50Kg of high value fish and around 150-200Kg of low value fish per fisher per night.  Ecologically and economically, the Tonle Sap is among the most important hydrological systems in the world, yet their ability to continue to function as they have in the past is in question. The Kompong Phluk CFi has attempted to protect its flood forests and fishing grounds for the past fifty years.

Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT) has introduced itself and implemented fisheries conservation related and other livelihood alternative development projects via establishment of saving groups and community based organization (CBOs) in Kampong Phluk commune in 2008. Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT) has supported the community to develop resources management plan, and rules/regulations, and seek approval from government at both national and sub-natioal leval on legality of the community fisheries (CFi).

In early 2013, another four-year (2013-2016) conservation project “Strengthening Capacity of Fishing Community in the Tonle Sap to Manage their Natural Resources Sustainability” funded by EU was introduced by FACT and IUCN to be implemented in three areas in Tonle Sap, including Phlov Touk commune (Phlov Touk FCA) in Kampong Chhnang province, Peam Bang commune (Boeng Chhmar CPA) in Kampong Thom province and Kampong Phluk commune (Chroy Chhnang FCA) in Siem Reap.